Gray Cup & AGM – Stranraer GC 1st October 2023
A glorious sunny day at Stranraer made a wonderful end to our 2023 competitions.
Many thanks to Stranraer GC for the courtesy of the course and also to the greenkeeper and staff, the course was in wonderful condition.
Congratulations to Pat McInstry & Lesley Caldwell who won the Gray Cup Greensomes with 76
Runners up were Chris McIntosh & Doreen Robinson with 77 (BIH) and Third were Jade Ho & Joyce Maitland 77.
Magic 2 @ 15th Chris McIntosh & Doreen Robinson
Tennent Cup & GLCGA 50th Anniversary Celebration
Tennent Cup & GLCGA 50th Anniversary Celebration – Dalbeattie GC., Sunday 13th August, 2023
What an amazing day at Dalbeattie for our 50th Anniversary. Wonderful weather, fantastic course conditions and hospitality second to none! Thank you so much to Dalbeattie GC for the courtesy of the course and also a special thank you to Elaine, the Dalbeattie Ladies Captain and her fabulous ladies for making us all so very welcome and serving an excellent Afternoon Tea. The time and consideration to decorate the clubhouse and tables in our turquoise blue colours, along with making a celebration fruit cake and also our afternoon tea must have been considerable and very much appreciated by us all!!
More 50th Anniversary details and photos are on the new tab/page.
Tennent Cup Winners
Congratulations to our 2023 winners with a runaway score of 80 points – Fiona Hunter, Chris McIntosh and Heather Inman. (Very special for Fiona as her Mum Moira Rennie, was a founder member of the Association)
Runners up: Jackie Hart, Jane Johnstone & Janice Kirkland 72 points
3rd: Ailsa Brannock, Jackie Wright & Val Marshall 71 points
Magic 2’s: Ailsa @ 8th, Lesley C @ 8th and Judy @ 17th
Nearest The Pin in 2 @ 5th: Jackie Hart and @ 14th Trish
Longest Drive @ 6th: Katie and @ 15th Pat
Nearest The Pin: @ 8th: Ailsa and @ 17th Judy
Commonwealth Spoons – Qualifier – Wigtown & Bladnoch GC., Sunday 16th July, 2023
Thank you to Wigtown & Bladnoch GC for once again supporting the Galloway Ladies with courtesy of the course for our Commonwealth Spoons Qualifier.
The winners and going onto the Final at Kings Acre GC on 4th September were: Mhairi McCulloch and Cilla Strain.
Runners Up: Jackie Hart & Jackie Wright
Third: Amanda Houston & Margaret Styjewski
2023 Championship, Rennie Salver & Junior Cup – Newton Stewart GC Sunday 21st May.
Am-Am – Southerness GC – Sunday 23rd April, 2023
A super turnout of 11 teams enjoyed a great day at Southerness GC., a huge thank you once again to the club for their continued support of the Galloway Ladies and our Am-Am competition. It was also lovely to welcome our new members of the Galloway Ladies at our opening meeting of 2023.
It was a very close competition, with Team No. 10 Winning by 2 points, congratulations to Jean, Yvonne, Rosemary and Heather!
Nearest the Pin at the 4th: Katie Wright
Longest Drive: Gwen Robson
Gray Cup + AGM – Dalbeattie GC – Sunday 2nd October, 2022
Our final competition of the year, the Gray Cup (Greensomes), was played in beautiful sunshine. Thank you very much to Dalbeattie GC for their continued support of the Galloway Ladies in extending the courtesy of the course, which was in fantastic condition. (albeit pin positions a tad on the tricky side!!)
A special mention and huge thank you to the Dalbeattie Ladies who had cooked and baked a selection of wonderful treats especially for us, very much appreciated by all!
The Winners with an excellent score of 68 were Mhairi McCulloch & our departing Captain, Jackie Wright.
2nd Sheila McMurtrie & Jane Johnson 72 (BIH) and 3rd Gill Deay & Elaine Gerrard 72
Magic 2’s Helena Fox & Heather Inman
The AGM followed the prize giving, thank you to all who were able to stay.
Tennent Cup – Sunday 7th August, 2022 @ Kirkcudbright GC
A gorgeous day saw a good turnout for our Team Event. Thank you once again to Kirkcudbright GC for the courtesy of the course, their hospitality and presenting the course in such fabulous condition.
Commonwealth Spoons Qualifier – Newton Stewart GC – Sunday 17th July, 2022
We enjoyed a wonderful day at Newton Stewart for this years Spoons qualifier. Many thanks to Newton Stewart GC for the courtesy of the course, which was in fabulous condition.
Ist Place Debbie Gunby & Susan Bell – 73
2022 Championship, Rennie Salver & Junior Cup – Wigtownshire County GC Sunday 22nd May.
Am Am Team Event – Southerness GC – Sunday 17th April, 2022
Thank you once again to Southness GC for the courtesy of the course for our Opening Competition of 2022.
Winning by an impressive 7 points was the team of Sheila, Gill and Angela! Sheila had a great day winning the Longest Drive at the 18th and also had a Magic 2!
Nearest the Pin at the 4th: Katie McCall
Magic 2’s: Sheila McMurtrie and Sandra McGinn
1st Sheila McMurtrie, Gill Deay, Angela Potter 83 pts
2nd Gwen Robson, Mhairi McCulloch, Elaine Gerrard 76 pts
3rd Katie McCall, Sandra McGinn, Caroline Ironmonger 76 pts BIH
4th Liz Maiden, Cilla Strain, Wilma Galloway 75 pts
Gray Cup – Wigtownshire County GC – Sunday 3rd October, 2021
Our final competition of the year, the Gray Cup played as a Greensome, saw a great turn out. Thank you very much to Wigtownshire County for their continued support of the Galloway Ladies in extending the courtesy of the course, which was in tip top condition.
Very close scoring on the day and congratulations to Pat & Doreen, who just pipped Elaine and Anne on the BIH. Results:-
1st Pat McKinstry and Doreen Robinson 73 BIH
The AGM followed the prize giving and thank you to all who were able to stay.
Tennent Cup – St Medan Golf Club – Sunday 8th July, 2021
A bit different to the weather at Kirkcudbright, unfortunately a fair bit of rain to contend with at St Medan for the Tennent Cup. Thank you very much to St Medan GC for the courtesy of the course.
Winners with 75 points were Caroline Smith, Emma Dodds and Anne Blows, with close Runners Up – Issy Forrest, Helena Fox and Doreen Robinson with 74 points.
Commonwealth Spoons – Kirkcudbright Golf Club – Sunday 18th July, 2022
A very hot day for the Commonwealth Spoons qualifier! Many thanks to Kirkcudbright for the courtesy of the course.
Congratulations go to winners Vanessa and Teresa Ho with an excellent 66, with close runners up Caroline Ironmonger and Isobel Watson with 67.
3rd Gill Deay and Joanne Porter 69 4th Helena Fox and Heather Inman 70
Nearest the Pin @ 16th – Gill Deay
AmAm Team Event – Stranraer Golf Club – Sunday 27th June, 2021
Once again, thank you to Stranraer Golf Club for the courtesy of the course. A beautiful day resulted in very close scoring, with Issy, Mhairi and Christine the winners with an excellent 82 points.
Championship, Rennie Salver & Junior Cup – Southerness GC Sunday 9th May, 2021
As a result of Covid-19 Lockdowns, our first competition not only this year, but since 4th August, 2019! Wonderful to see everyone again with a great turnout at Southerness GC. We thank Southerness for their continued support of the Galloway Ladies with the courtesy of the course, which was in wonderful condition.
Congratulations to Katie Wright who retained the Championship, with Ailsa Brannock a close runner up. Congratulations to Ailsa who also won the Junior Cup.
Katie Wright 81 + 72 153
Ailsa Brannock 79 + 76 155
Gwen Robston 76 + NR
Rennie Salver: Winner Laura Anderson 62 (43)
Runner Up: Sheila McMurtrie 69 (6) Third: Gwen Robson 70 (6)
There were two Magic 2’s – Jane Johnstone and Alecia Nelson
Gray Cup – Greensomes @ Castle Douglas GC Sunday 29th September, 2019
UNFORTUNATELY, DUE TO THE THE HIGH LEVEL OF RAINFALL DURING THE WEEK LEADING UP TO THE COMPETITION, CASTLE DOUGLAS GOLF COURSE WAS CLOSED FOR THE WEEKEND 28TH/29TH SEPTEMBER AND THE DECISION WAS TAKEN TO CANCEL THE GRAY CUP.
THE AGM WILL TOOK PLACE AS PLANNED AT 4PM. Thank you to all who attended the meeting.
Galloway Ladies Tennent Cup – Wigtownshire County Golf Club, 4th August, 2019
A huge thank you to Wigtownshire County Golf Club for courtesy of the course today for our Team Tri-Am today. The course was in fantastic condition and many thanks to the committee, green keepers and caterers.
Our 2019 Tennent Cup winners with 84 points on the BIH were Issy Forrest, Janett Patterson & Teressa Ho
In second place also with 84 points were Lynn Allan, Katy McCall & Elaine Gerrard
Third with 83 points: Glenda Dewar, Heather Inman & Caroline Ironmonger
Fourth with 81 points: Fiona Hunter, Caroline Smith & Joyce Maitland
There was only one Magic 2, Lynn Allan @ 5th
Nearest the Pin @ 5th was Sally Moore – 59 inches
Commonwealth Spoons – Dalbeattie GC, Sunday 14th July, 2019
A super day at Dalbeattie GC for the Commonwealth Spoons qualifier. Many thanks to Dalbeattie GC for the courtesy of the course, which was in great condition.
Congratulations to our winners Helena and Lynn for an excellent score of 71.
Winners: Helena Fox & Lynn Allan – 71 (15)
Runners Up: Sheila McMurtrie & Jane Johnstone – 72.5 (17)
Third: Mary Robertson & Isobel Watson – 74 (28) BIH
Fourth: Jan Mattison & Caroline Ironmonger – 74 (27)
Fifth: Susan Bell & Cilla Strain – 75 (14)
The top two qualify to represent Galloway County Ladies at the Final to be held at Pollok Golf Club on Monday 2nd September.
Nearest the Pin @ 8th: Jane Johnstone
There were two Magic 2’s: Tricia Crook/Susie Niven + Sheila McMurtrie/Jane Johnstone both at 8th.
Championship, Rennie Salver & Junior Cup – Portpatrick & Dunskey GC, Sunday 26th May, 2019
Thank you very much to Portpatrick & Dunskey GC for the courtesy of the course for our Championship this year. Testing conditions on the day, however the course was in excellent condition and resulted in some wonderful scoring by many.
Katie Wright retained the Championship with an excellent 147, with runner up Addi Spiers and Teresa Ho managed to retain the double by winning both the Junior Cup and Rennie Salver!!
Champion: Katie Wright 73+74 147 Runner Up: Addi Spiers 80+75 155
Junior Cup: Teresa Ho 71 (26) Rennie Salver Winner: Teresa Ho 71 (26)
Division 1: 1st Glenda Dewar 72 (6), 2nd Beryl Niven 73 (16) BIH, 3rd Jean Brennan 73 (14)
Division 2: 2nd Heather Inman 74 (21), 3rd Jackie Wright 76 (23)
Glenda had a very good day indeed, with a HOLE IN ONE @ 15th to go with a magic 2 at the 4th!!!!
There was one other Magic 2’s today, Linda Scott @ 11th
Congratulations to all the winners!
Am Am Team Event – Southerness GC, Sunday 14th April, 2019
Thank you to Southerness Golf Club for granting us courtesy of their course to allow us hold our inaugural event of the season, our Team Am-Am.
A record 59 ladies making up 15 teams took part this year in very cold and windy conditions.
Congratulations to the following teams and individuals on their successes:-
1st– Gwen Robson, Tricia Crook, Gill Rawlinson and Teresa Ho (90 pts bih)
2nd– Fiona Hunter, Debbie Gunby, Heather Inman and Caroline Ironmonger (90 pts)
3rd– Jan Mattison, Gill Deay, Katy McCall and Anne Blows (88pts)
4th– Helena Fox, Susie Niven, Jackie Wright and Mhari McCulloch (86pts)
The nearest the pin prize at the 4thhole was won by Susan Bell
There were two magic 2’s both being scored at the 17thhole. They were by Joyce Maitland and Katy McCall.
Congratulations to all the winners.
The next event is the Championship, Rennie Salver and Junior Cup which is being held at Porpatrick and Dunskey Golf Club on Sunday 26th May 2019. Posters should be up in all your golf clubs and entries are to be with Ann Lofts by close of play Friday 17th May.
Look forward to seeing you all then.
The Gray Cup + AGM – Newton Stewart Golf Club, 30th September, 2018
Thank you very much to Newton Stewart Golf Club for hosting and giving us courtesy of the course for our final competition of the year, The Gray Cup, which was followed by the AGM.
At the AGM, Captain Pat Magill retired and Vice Captain Fiona Hunter took office. Our thanks go to Pat for her two years as Vice Captain and two years as Captain. Jackie Wright is now Vice Captain.
Also retiring was Secretary/Treasurer Val Marshall, many thanks to Val for all her hard work and commitment over the past two years. Ann Lofts is now Secretary/Treasurer.
Winners of the Gray Cup: Vanessa and Teresa Ho 72.6
Runners Up: Christine Brown and Gill Day 74.6
3rd Jean Brydson and Kate Howie 75.2
4th Amanda Houston and Sudan King 75.8
Nearest the pin at the 12th: Jean Brydson 10ft 7 inches
Magic 2s – There were no magic 2’s (fund carried forward to AmAm April-19
Galloway Ladies Tennent Cup – Portpatrick & Dunskey Golf Club, 5th August, 2018
Thank you to Portpatrick & Dunskey Golf Club for courtesy of their wonderful course for our Tri-Am today. The course was in fantastic condition and many thanks must go to Captain, Glenda Dewar and her committee, the green keepers and caterers.
Tennent Cup winners with an amazing Score of 83 points were Caroline Smith, Janice Kirkland and Maggie Nicol.
In second place with 79 points were Patricia Crook, Jackie Wright and Vanessa Ho.
Third were Gwen Robson, Jane Johnstone and Teresa Ho with 77 points (Bih)
Nearest the Pin on the 15th was Gwen Robson and there were two Magic 2’s – Joanne Cameron @ 10th and Glenda Dewar @ 11th.
Commonwealth Spoons Qualifier 15th July, 2018
16 pairs had a wonderful day at Castle Douglas GC in lovely conditions this afternoon. A huge thank you to the club for the courtesy of the course, which was in fantastic condition.
The runaway winners with a tremendous 62.5 (23.5) were Vanessa & Teresa Ho
2nd Jackie Wright / Isabelle Forrest 68 (19)
3rd Pat Magill / Val Marshall 69.5 (20.5)
4th Sheila McMurtrie / Jane Johnstone 71 (11)
Nearest the pin on the 1st Jean Brydson. There was one magic 2 Pat & Val at the 7th
Championship, Rennie Salver & Junior Cup – 27th May, 2018
Thank you very much to Kirkcudbright GC for hosting our Championship this year. The fantastic weather continued and the day was hot and sunny, producing some excellent scores. Two of our juniors, Vanessa and Teresa Ho obviously benefitting from their recent coaching sessions, with Teresa winning both the Rennie Salver and Junior Cup and Vanessa winning Division 1. They also reduced their handicaps in the process.
Champion: Katie Wright 80+75 155 Runner Up: Maria Cowan 79+81 160
Junior Cup: Teresa Ho 68 (36) Rennie Salver Winner: Teresa Ho 68 (36)
Division 1: 1st Vanessa Ho 71 (20), 2nd Maria Cowan 74 (5), 3rd Liz Dodds 75 (18)
Division 2: 1st Teresa Ho 68 (36), 2nd Jackie Wright 79 (25), 3rd Isobel Watson 81 (27)
There were no Magic 2’s today, therefore the fund will carry forward to the next competition.
Congratulations to all the winners!
Am Am Team Event – 22nd April, 2018 – Full Results click here
Thank you to Southerness GC for hosting our 2018 opening Am Am team event, which saw 13 teams participating in cool windy conditions. A special thank you to Alistair, Margaret and their team for looking after us throughout the day and providing such a lovely meal!
Many congratulations to our winners today, our Captain Pat and her team of Tricia, Mary and Teresa with a wonderful score of 87 points!
Nearest the Pin @ 4th was Gill Deay and there were 3 Magic 2’s – Addi, Cilla and Christine. Very well done to all the winners today!
Gray Cup – Greensomes 30th September, 2017
The final competition of the year, The Gray Cup, was held at Stranraer Golf Course, followed by the AGM. Thanks to Stranraer Golf Course for allowing us courtesy of the course which played well despite the recent rainfall.
At the AGM President Jean Brydson retired. Our thanks go to Jean for her tireless support of Galloway Ladies and Jean was presented with a gift to mark the occasion. Jean may have retired as president but will continue to help and support the club. The role of President will now be filled by Linda Scott. Fiona Hunter was appointed as Vice-Captain and will take over as Captain at the end of next season.
Winners and retaining the Gray Cup: Gill Deay and Christine Brown ( Stranraer)
Runners Up: Katie Wright and Jackie Hart ( Stranraer)
3rd Gwen Robson and Caroline Smith (Wigtownshire County)
4th Debbie Gunby and Cilla Strain (Wigtown and Bladnoch)
Nearest the pin at the 12th: Mary Robertson, Southerness 4ft 8 inches
Jean Brydson and Ann Carson (Southerness)
Gwen Robson and Caroline Smith ( Wigtownshire County)
Katie Wright and Jackie Hart (Stranraer)
Galloway Ladies Tennent Cup Re-Run – Kirkcudbright Golf Club, 27th August, 2017
Thank you to Kirkcudbright Golf Club for use of the course for our Tri-Am today, which was in excellent condition. Many thanks also to the committee, the green keepers and the caterers.
Tennent Cup winners with a Nett Stableford Score of 74 were Lynn Allan, Heather Inman and Mary Robertson (not in the photograph)
In second place with a Nett Stableford Score of 72 were Pat Magill, Chris McIntosh and Val Marshall.
Nearest the pin on the 16th was Helena Fox and magic twos were achieved by Helena Fox and Gwen Robson.
Final Galloway Ladies fixture for this year will take place on Saturday 30th September at Stranraer Golf Club. which is a pairs competition, The Gray Cup, please enter in pairs at your home clubs.
Tennent Cup – 6th August, 2017 Kirkcudbright GC
Unfortunately, rain stopped play on the day and many thanks to Kirkcudbright GC for allowing us to reschedule the competition to Sunday 28th August, 2017.
Commonwealth Spoons 9th July, 2017
19 pairs had a fantastic day at Wigtown & Bladnoch GC in lovely conditions this afternoon. A huge thank you to the club for the courtesy of the course, which is very much appreciated.
The runaway winners with a tremendous 66.5 (27.5) were Nita Best & Vanessa Ho (Newton)
2nd. Debbie Gunby / Christine Cannon (Wigtown & Bladnoch) 70 (15)
3rd. Helena Fox / Anne Blows (Newton) 71 (25)
4th. Isobel Watson / Susan King (Kirkcudbright) 72.5 (24.5) BIH
Nearest the pin on the 14th Susan King (17 Ft)
There were no magic 2’s so the fund will be carried forward to the next competition
Championship, Rennie Salver & Junior Cup – 21st May, 2017
A huge thank you to Wigtownshire County GC for hosting our Championship. The morning saw very tough conditions, wet and windy, with the afternoon improving with no rain, but just the wind?! Still, very good scoring by some – the CSS was 73.
Champion: Tracy Milligan 160 Runner Up: Gwen Robson 163 (Bih)
Junior Cup: Vanessa Ho 71 (28)
Rennie Salver Winner: Sally Moore 66 (21)
Division 1: 1st Christine Brown 69 (13), 2nd Isabelle Forrest 73 (12), 3rd Tracy Milligan 76 (4)
Division 2: 2nd Vanessa Ho 71 (28), 3rd Val Marshall 74 (32)
There were two Magic 2’s Caroline Smith @ 5th and Gwen Robson @ 13th
Nearest the Pin @ 17th – No-one managed to reach the green in the windy conditions!
Congratulations to all the winners!
Team Am – Southerness GC Sunday 23rd April, 2017 – Full Results click here
Thank you to Southerness GC for hosting our 2017 opening Team-Am event, which once again saw 12 teams participating in cold, dry but testing conditions. A special thank you to Alistair, Margaret and Anne for looking after us throughout the day and providing such a lovely meal.
Many congratulations to Gwen, Janett, Susan and Maggie winning the Team event with the runaway score of 78 points! Second year running for Gwen and Maggie! Gwen was also Runner Up Team Leader Strokeplay winner with 77 (6). Winning Team Leader with an excellent 76 (4) was Sheila McMurtrie, a wonderful score in the conditions. Nearest the Pin for the Am @ 4th was Joyce Maitland (10ft 9″) and Longest Drive for the Team Leader @ 18th was Gwen Robson (further than most of us could see). There were 4 Magic 2’s – Gwen (a Very successful day!), Joyce, Sue Tipton and Janice. Very well done to all the winners!
Gray Cup – Greensomes – 2nd October, 2016
18 pairs had a fantastic day at Portpatrick and Dunskey in our closing competition, enjoying wonderful sunny conditions. The course was in tremendous condition and a huge thank you to the club and Chris Robinson for courtesy of the course.
Winners today with a super score of 73.2 (13.8) were Gill Deay & Chrstine Brown, Runners up: Anne Wilson & Elaine Gerrard 74.6 (16.4) and third: Katie Wright & Gwen Robson 75 (2)
Nearest the Pin at the 4th was Glenda Dewar.
There were no magic 2’s today, but instead a HOLE IN ONE at the 11th!! Congratulations to Beryl Niven.
Tennent Cup – Tri-Am – 7th August, 2016
9 teams took part in the new format for the Tennent Cup, a Tri-Am Stableford, with 2 scores to count at each hole. Thank you very much to Stranraer GC for courtesy of the course, it was in absolutely fabulous condition. A warm windy afternoon, but fortunately not the very high winds that had been forecast and we all got in before the rain came!
Our winners today were team 1 with a fantastic 78 points – Jean Brydson, Trish Crook & Mary Robertson
Runners Up with 76 points – Team 8 Christine Brown, Gill Deay & Val Marshall
Third with 75 points (bih) – Team 4 Linda Scott, Zena Livingstone & Jackie Wright
Nearest the Pin @ 12th was Jenny Edmunds.
There were no magic 2’s, so the fund carries forward to our final competition of 2016 at Portpatrick & Dunskey, the Gray Cup Greensomes on 2nd October.
Championship, Junior Cup & Rennie Salver – 10th July, 2016
33 ladies took part at Kirkcudbright GC today and we were extremely lucky with the weather staying dry and warm after a wet start. Thank you very much to Kirkcudbright GC for the courtesy of the course, a fantastic venue to host our Championship this year. Also many thanks to the Kirkcudbright ladies for a lovely welcome and Ladies Captain, Mary Robertson for presenting the prizes.
Champion: Katie Wright 158 Runner Up: Maria Cowan 170
Junior Cup: Vanessa Ho 73 (36)
Rennie Salver Winner: Debbie Gunby 72 (14)
Division 1: 2nd Christine Brown 74 (13), 3rd Sally Moore 77 (20) Bih
Division 2: 1st Vanessa Ho, 2nd Mary Robertson 75 (28), 3rd Gillian Rowlinson 80 (21)
There was one Magic 2! Gill Deay @ 13th
Nearest the Pin @ 9th Caroline Smith Nearest the Pin @ 16th Isobel Watson
The CSS was 74 Congratulation to all the winners
Commonwealth Spoons Qualifier 5th June, 2016
18 pairs had a fantastic day at Dalbeattie GC in blisteringly hot conditions this afternoon. A huge thank you to the club for the courtesy of the course, which was in perfect condition.
The winners with an excellent score of 67 (11) were Sheila McMurtrie & Jane Johnstone, who go on to the Final at Eyemouth GC on Wednesday 7th September. Runners up were Katie Wright & Maria Cowan 68½ (3½) and Third were Isobel Watson & Karen Shamash 70 (23).
Nearest the Pin at 8th was Caroline Smith and at the 17th was Katie Wright
There was one magic 2, Katie and Maria at the 17th.
Team-Am, 17th April, 2016 Southerness GC – Full Results – Click Here
Thank you to Southerness GC for hosting our 2016 opening Team-Am event, which saw 12 teams participating in cold, testing conditions.
Many congratulations to Gwen, Cilla, Sally and Maggie winning with the runaway score of 79 points! No surprise that Gwen was our Team Leader Strokeplay winner with an excellent 74 (6) and the runner up was Penny Thorp with 78 (11). Nearest the Pin for the Am @ 4th was Angie Collins and longest drive for the Team Leader @ 18th was Katie Wright. There was one Magic 2!! Jane Johnstone @ 10th.
Team Photos (click on photo to enlarge)